”Offentlig dagpleje ville være fantastisk”
Af Anita Ngwira, studerende i Lusaka og deltager i 'Skat, hvor er du?'
Anita Ngwira kunne godt tænke sig, at den zambiske regering brugte skattekroner på pasningsordninger. Dels for at sikre kvaliteten, men også for at støtte de mange kvinde, som gerne vil ud på arbejdsmarkedet.
A woman is a very important figure in the society. She plays a triple role of reproducing, producing and community management. I write about the day-care because I am a young career woman, who is about to get married and planning to have children and wondering how I will take care of my children, as I have to work in order to provide a quality life for them.
Will I have to employ a nanny or could I advocate for the government in my country (Zambia) to provide a local day-care centre for the working mothers?
In Denmark it is the responsibility of the local authorities under the ministry of social affairs to provide child care services in each municipality, although these provisions may vary from one municipality to another.
Parents should contact the municipal authorities to book a place for their child 12 hours after the birth of their child. If there are no places available, the child can be put on a waiting list.
Parents pay for child care; however, by law this may not be more than 25 to 28 percent of the cost of the care in a municipal institution. Private day-care operates on the basis of an agreement between the municipality and the private day-care, and must meet the same requirements as day care provided by the local authorities. Private day-cares are supposed to have a minimum of four children. The children are provided with a balanced diet of healthy foods.
If the private day-care is on holiday or sick, the children are sent to a local day-care provided for by the local authorities. There are three adult care-providers for every ten children in a local day-care. Children’s details are recorded, as well as every meal they take and every diaper change.
Care givers in these centres are qualified personnel and attend different trainings regularly concerning the treatment of the children.
The care givers from the local day-care visit the private day-cares for inspection twice in a year and can also do an impromptu inspection just to make sure that the private day-cares are doing the work accordingly.
Kun private dagpleje i Zambia
In Zambia, there are quite a number of day-care centres, however they are private and not provided by the government. Every person who operates a child care facility should have a certificate of recognition from the Department of Social Welfare (DSW).
Staff running the child care facility should be over 21 year, with at least a grade 12 certificate. They should in addition, have some formal training in child care or social work.
Staff looking after children in child care facility should be fit and healthy. They should be of high moral character, intelligent and responsible enough to discern what situation can pose a threat to young children and must have a clean criminal record.
A child care facility should not be overcrowded with children, as it is not possible to give individual children proper attention necessary for their development. However, most parents prefer to employ nannies who will take care of the child from their home.
Børnepasning kan sikre kvinders adgang til arbejdsmarkedet
Taking into consideration the fact that Zambia is a developing country, I feel it is important that the care givers should be professional and highly trained personnel’s and they should stipulate the maximum number of children a day-care can enrol in order for the children to get the attention they need.
It’s would be amazing if government could provide day-care centres to ensure that women in the society do not have a barrier to have a formal job and contribute financially for the family and development of the nation. The more women you have in formal employment, the more tax contributors for national development and the better the quality of public services.